Tag Archives: Drinking Fountains

Its me :)

Design Droplets wanted to do a small write up on some recent graduates and their work come and have a read and look at a few photos. Here is the link enjoy getting to know a bit more about my work and a bit more about me. I would like to thank Raph again for having me.



ADA Guidelines for Drinking Fountains in America

Guidelines for America:

These are the drinking fountain requirements for ADAAG Accessibility Guidelines for Buildings and Facilities.

New standards are being issued under the Americans with Disabilities (ADA) and the Architectural Barriers Act (ABA) according updated guidelines previously issued by the Board.  Several different agencies are responsible for updating these standards, and action is still pending in some cases.  This page explains which standards are in effect at this time according to facility type.  Direct links to the standards and related information are included.

Figure 27a
Drinking Fountains and Water Coolers – Spout Height and Knee Clearance

In addition to clearances discussed in the text, the following knee clearance is required underneath the fountain: 27 inches (685 mm) minimum from the floor to the underside of the fountain which extends 8 inches (205 mm) minimum measured from the front edge underneath the fountain back towards the wall; if a minimum 9 inches (230 mm) of toe clearance is provided, a maximum of 6 inches (150 mm) of the 48 inches (1220 mm) of clear floor space required at the fixture may extend into the toe space. (4.15.2, 4.15.5)

Figure 27c
Drinking Fountains and Water Coolers – Free-Standing Fountain or Cooler


4.15 Drinking Fountains and Water Coolers.

4.15.1Minimum Number. Drinking fountains or water coolers required to be accessible by 4.1 shall comply with 4.15.

4.15.2* Spout Height. Spouts shall be no higher than 36 in (915 mm), measured from the floor or ground surfaces to the spout outlet (see Fig. 27(a)). Appendix Note

4.15.3 Spout Location. The spouts of drinking fountains and water coolers shall be at the front of the unit and shall direct the water flow in a trajectory that is parallel or nearly parallel to the front of the unit. The spout shall provide a flow of water at least 4 in (100 mm) high so as to allow the insertion of a cup or glass under the flow of water. On an accessible drinking fountain with a round or oval bowl, the spout must be positioned so the flow of water is within 3 in (75 mm) of the front edge of the fountain.

4.15.4 Controls. Controls shall comply with 4.27.4. Unit controls shall be front mounted or side mounted near the front edge.

4.15.5 Clearances.

(1) Wall- and post-mounted cantilevered units shall have a clear knee space between the bottom of the apron and the floor or ground at least 27 in (685 mm) high, 30 in (760 mm) wide, and 17 in to 19 in (430 mm to 485 mm) deep (see Fig. 27(a) and (b)). Such units shall also have a minimum clear floor space 30 in by 48 in (760 mm by 1220 mm) to allow a person in a wheelchair to approach the unit facing forward.
EXCEPTION: These clearances shall not be required at units used primarily by children ages 12 and younger where clear floor space for a parallel approach complying with 4.2.4 is provided and where the spout is no higher than 30 in (760 mm), measured from the floor or ground surface to the spout outlet.

(2) Free-standing or built-in units not having a clear space under them shall have a clear floor space at least 30 in by 48 in (760 mm by 1220 mm) that allows a person in a wheelchair to make a parallel approach to the unit (see Fig. 27(c) and (d)). This clear floor space shall comply with 4.2.4.

More artistic…

After Tilly’s recent post on an innovative drinking fountain I wanted to see some more…


Water – Public drinking fountain

The bent pipe violates the existing equilibrium between the water levels, as well as between the pipe and its base, and causes the water to spurt outwards.

These designs are all a lot more artistic in their thing and approach.

A mosaic fountain and pond.

I couldn’t understand the meaning behind this one…



Drinking Fountain for People and Plants

This drinking fountain design returns a portion of the city’s water to the same type of native plants that might have lived on the site before the city was built. As a person takes a drink from the fountain they are also watering the plants. Taking and giving are automatically intertwined in the same act. This piece is part of a series of works to research and develop human infrastructures that are grafted to natural systems and blur the distinction between “natural” and “man-made”.

For a gym:


This is some sort of blog, commercial so not to helpful.

“Modern” designs

kitch drinking fountain

Looking into the easy change from downwards to upwards flow…


As seen on Tilly’s blog

Remember Manly… well now they are in Bundanoon

a watered alliance – sustainable breakthroughs in saving the planet – indesignlive.com

More Details
Safety and Maintenance
Refer to the supplier and maintenance manual for the maintenance instructions and safety warnings


AS/NZS 4020:1999 Products for use in contact with drinking water
The installed height1032mm exceeding the 765 – 800 height range specified. to spout, general controls should be 900 to 1100 mm above the floor their design is 1016mm.

is For some types of equipment, specific Standard(s) are applicable to the materials used in, the manufacturing processes applied to and the installation of products. Compliance with relevant Standards is indicated by written certification that a product has been tested and assessed as compliant with specific Standards. Purchasers are advised to check with the supplier or manufacturer of this item as to its compliance with relevant Standard (s).

Together with its Arqua Fountain, SFA’s unique package, named the Arqua Station, will offer all Australians a clean and convenient source of free water.

“The aim of our Arqua Stations is to encourage people to carry reusable bottles,  SFA co-founder Darrel Conybeare said. “Our message is: ‘refill, not landfill’.

“We are very proud to have helped Bundanoon become the first bottled-water free town in Australia – possibly the world – and we hope to one day see our Arqua Stations all over the country.”

SFA are official partners of Do Something! and members of the Bottled Water Alliance

Council Fountain

General Description

Economical, all-metal drink fountain with steel pipe column, rim, brass bubbler and mouthguard. Fully
assembled by SFA complete with plumbing suitable for connection to water supply by installer.
Open rim allows excess water to simply flow down outside of column and soak into surrounds, preventing
clogging of drainage.

All fountains are tested for leakage at 2 x standard pressure before they leave SFA.



  • Height from ground 890mm
  • Rim 400mm dia
  • Height at rim 860mm
  • Overall 1040mm x 400mm


  • Chrome plated brass with lever action and vandal resistant mouthpiece


  • HDG mild steel pipe 90mm dia and fabricated top


  • Powdercoat finish (std: black, heritage green, silver)

Non standard colours incur extra cost


  • 1/2″ copper pipe water supply Max recommended water pressure 700kpa


  • Fixed sub-surface, 150mm below ground level

Arqua Fountain

A sculptural drink fountain that is as functional as it is beautiful. Through push-button activation, water is released from the spout and externally streams down a curvilinear blade into a flush mounted sump. The blade is designed to prevent drain blockage and collection of litter.

The body of Fountain Head is fully cast in aluminium ensuring robustness, vandal resistance and durability. It is supported by a sturdy mounting pit that neatly houses the plumbing.


  • Height from ground level 1100mm
  • Height at spout 1020mm
  • Footprint width 655mm
  • Overall 1215mm x 795mm


  • Solid one piece casting
  • DA01 grade cast aluminium
  • Curvilinear blade 12mm thick
  • Pipe 70mm dia


  • 6mm flow of drinking water
  • Max recommended water pressure 700kpa
  • Supplied with filter
  • Arqua Fountain has been approved for functionality, practicality and satisfies the intent of AS1428.2. The accessibility report is available for downloading


Designed with no basin, the Arqua fountain eliminates problems such as drain blockage and litter collection. Drinking water is released through push-button activation, and excess water streams down a curvilinear blade to a sub-ground sump for drainage.


  • 1100mm (H) x 660mm (W) x 340mm (D)


  • Solid one piece casting
  • DA01 grade cast aluminium
  • Curvilinear blade 12mm thick
  • Pipe 70mm dia


  • 6mm flow of drinking water
  • Max recommended water pressure 700kpa
  • Supplied with filter


  • Navy ripple powder coat


  • Sub-surface mounting polycrete pit with cast-aluminium dark grey (hard
    anodised) cover plates to suit most pavements

The making of the drinking fountain

Oh yeah!

Well as usual reading through core77 when I found this post

For more check out the article in the times, as this is where it is originally from.
Thirsting for Fountains

If drinking fountains were as ubiquitous as fire hydrants, there would be no need for steel thermoses, plastic bottles or backpack canteens. Thirsty folks could just amble over to the next corner for a sip of free-of-charge, ecofriendly, delicious water. But there are only about 2,700 public fountains in New York—and those are mostly confined to our parks and playgrounds—so we’re still forced, in the dehydrating August heat, to carry our water around with us, like camels.

In support of more water fountains (and less steel thermoses), the NYT Op-Ed department asked eight illustrators to spend an hour at their local fountain, taking notes on its qualities and clientele. The result is a mini-catalog of water fountains across the United States, from the generic to the majestic. Diverse in form, they mostly worked well, serving a steady queue of people. One exception: Los Angeles’ Westwood Park fountain, which was “lukewarm with a sour mineral taste,” approached by no one except the illustrator himself. Despite its obvious shortcomings, we thought this fountain’s design was unique, which makes us wonder—isn’t this a perfect arena for design exploration? Is there more great stuff we can do with water fountains beyond making them accessible to children and dogs? Can water fountains delight as well as serve?

My Survey on Drinking Fountains

After somewhat a success of randomly asking people to answer my survey on drinking fountains, going up to people of all ages and cultures on the streets in Melbourne I have an online copy. I know time is running out but its all helpful. Face to face interviews are good as there are lots of questions, and people like to clarify things to make sure they are saying the right things. Though it also comes with a bit of rejection as people choose not to fill them out.

So now even though time is running out for research, here is the online version. It was suggested by Charles to make it faster to gather research for me as its so time consuming when doing the paper version and meeting people. Plus online it only takes a few minutes as its a yes or no. every one is welcome to fill it out the more the better.