How much water should we drink each day? Water is one of the main chemical components of our bodies, making up about 60% of our body weight. Our bodies systems rely on water to flush out toxins form our organs, carry nutrients to cells and provide a most environment for ear, nose and throat tissues.
When the body doesn’t have enough water to complete these tasks you become dehydrated draining the body of energy. Making you feel tired. Everyday the body looses water through breathing, perspiration, urine and bowel movements, this means it needs to be replenished daily to through drinking water, beverages and food which also contain water.
Food contains about 20% of the total fluid intake for a day so its suggested that you consume 2 liters (8 cups) of water to replace lost fluids. Some institutions suggest men drink 3 liters (13 cups) and woman consume 2.2 liters a day (just over 9 cups.) The amount of water needed is also dependent on body weight, the more you weigh the more yo neeed to drink.
You will need more water when you exercise, when the weather is hot and humid, heaters during winter as they suck out moisture.Often when your body feels thirsty it is already slightly dehydrated.
DID YOU KNOW …
1. Water is essential for the functioning of almost all the body’s living cells?
2. Human blood is 95% water; bones are 22% water and 75% of the human brain is water ?
3. Without food we can live up to 14 days, without water the body can only survive a few days?
Melbourne water tests completes 50,000 tests on water samples every year form 160 sites. It’s 100% free of E. coli bacteria.
The treatment process involves disinfection using Chlorination, fluoridation and pH correction. The addition of chemicals is continuously monitored and controlled to ensure the correct amounts are added to our water. Small amounts of chlorine are added to destroy any waterborne disease-causing microorganisms. The amount of chlorine added is equivalent to less than half a teacup in an average-size backyard swimming pool.
Fluoridation of drinking water helps prevent tooth decay and is supported by Australian Dental Association, the National Health and Medical Research Council and the World Health Organization. Chlorine and fluoride chemicals are slightly acidic, so lime is added to raise the pH level of the water back to neutral, limiting the possibility of corrosion to household pipes and fittings.
Most of our water comes from uninhabited mountain ash forests high up in the Yarra Ranges east of Melbourne, and more than 157,000 hectares has been reserved for the primary purpose of harvesting water. Melbourne is one of only about five cities in the world that has such protected catchments.